Different houses are fitted with different types of studs, which also serve different purposes. Understanding these types is quite helpful as it ensures that you know their features, functionality and how to locate each of them when hidden under plasterboard. A perfect starting point for learning some tips on stud finders is Stud Locator.
The standard stud is the most basic type of stud. It runs vertically from the top of the wall to the bottom. Standard studs are often spaced between 16 and 24 inches apart.
The trimmer stud is located on door and window edge openings. It comprises of any wood inserted in these openings and can be used to set the size of doors, windows and any holes made on the wall. It provides support to all frames that surround these openings together with the wall and roof that is above them.
The corner stud features three standard studs connected at an angle to form a corner and fit between two walls. Two of the studs lie parallel to one another and the third one is placed perpendicularly between them.
A jack stud refers to a wall stud that does not extend from the bottom to the top plate. A good example of such a stud is the sill plate, water heater, bathtub plate or any other stud on the wall that is shorter than the actual wall height. A jack stud can be fixed beneath or above an opening to offer support to the trimmer stud. It carries the load of the header above it and transfers it to the bottom plate. Sometimes more than one jack stud can be placed on an opening to provide additional strength and support.
The cripple stud is a special purpose stud that provides a nailing base for the wall. It is often spaced between 16 and 24 inches. This stud comes from the same material as the other studs, but it is shorter. The cripple stud is non-structural thus its height differs from one building to another. It can be placed above or below a window or door.
A kind stud is a kind of stud that is used in beam and post construction to offer support to a variety of openings. They make openings stronger and increase the stability of your building. Most contractors use these studs even in places where they are not required to increase the quality and durability of structures. Just like a standard stud, the kind stud runs from the floor to the ceiling and is often installed next to a jack stud. The only setback of this stud is that it may not be deal for places where you need to create space for openings.
All these studs work together to give your building a stable structure. Make sure that they are properly fixed onto the plates for a strong foundation and lasting partitions.